BEINECKE RARE BOOK AND MANUSCRIPT LIBRARY
GENERAL COLLECTION OF RARE BOOKS AND
MEDIEVAL AND RENAISSANCE MANUSCRIPTS
Beinecke MS 360 England, s. XV^^in
Psalter and Hours (in English)
1. ff. 1r-139r //as the vessel of a potter And now ge Kingis vndirstonde
ge that demen the erthe be lernede. Serue ge the lord with drede and make
ge ful ioie to hym with tremblinge...herie ge hym in cymbalis of Iubilacioun
eche spirit herie the lord. Here endith the sauter.
Psalter in English, in the 8-part liturgical division, beginning defectively
in Ps. 2, 9: one leaf missing after f. 35v (end of Ps. 37, beginning of Ps. 38)
and one missing after f. 108v (end of Ps. 108, all of Ps. 109). J. Forshall and
F. Madden, eds., The Holy Bible...made from the Latin Vulgate by John Wycliffe
and his Followers (Oxford 1850) vol. 3, pp. 739-888, the later version of the
Wycliffite translation of the Psalms.
2. ff. 139r-152v And bigynnen othere salmes whiche ben clepide the
canticlis Confitebor tibi domine. Isaye ii^^o capitulo. Lord I schal knoweleche
to thee for thou were wrouth to me...he may not heere be saaf.
Six ferial canticles (Confitebor, Ego dixi, Exultavit cor meum, Cantemus
domino, Domine audivi, Audite celi), Benedicite omnia opera, Te deum (W.
Maskell, Monumenta ritualia Ecclesiae Anglicanae [Oxford, 1882] v. 3, pp.
239-40), New Testament canticles (Magnificat, Benedictus dominus deus, Nunc
dimittis), Athanasian Creed (Quicumque vult): (Maskell, v. 3, pp. 257-60) all
in English with rubrics in Latin. Forshall and Madden (op. cit.)
list the same canticles as appended to the Psalter in London, B. L. Harley
1896 and Additional 10046; Oxford, Bod. Lib. Bodley 554 and New College
320; Cambridge, St. John's College E. 14. According to A. Hudson, the text
of New College 320 appears to be the same as that in Beinecke MS 360.
3. ff. 152v-155v Litany, in English, including Dionysius (13), Eustachius
(14), Thomas (15), Christopher (16) and Richard (17) among the 17 martyrs;
Cuthbert (9), Swithin (10), Silas (13), Dunstan (14) and William (15) among the
15 confessors; Radegundis (12) and Frideswide (13) among the 13 virgins.
Maskell, op. cit., v. 3, pp. 227-32. The litany is similar, though not
identical, with one in Oxford, Bod. Lib. Bodley 85, ff. 63-67 (Book of Hours),
and to the Latin litany printed by C. Horstmann, Yorkshire Writers
(London, 1895-96) v. 2, pp. 399-400. The prayer on f. 155v (beginning:
God to whom it is proprid to be mercyful euer and to spare take oure preyer...)
is found in Oxford, Bodleian Library Hatton 111, f. 9 at the end
of Jerome's Psalter. The text in MS 360 ends defectively at the conclusion
of this prayer.
4. ff. 156r-166v Hours of the Virgin, Sarum use, in English, psalms by cue
only, beginning defectively.
5. ff. 166v-168r Penitential Psalms, by cue only; gradual psalms, by cue
only; litany with reference to "the other letanye bifore for fro hens
forth the concordith with the othere"; f. 167v An antem of our ladi Salue
Regina. Heyl queene modir
of mercy oure lyf oure swetnes...Omnipotens, Almygti endeles god that
worthinge with the holy goost...[in Latin in HE, 62-63]; in English.
6. ff. 168r-176r Here bigynneth placebo. I louede for th lord schal her.
Antem. I schal plese to the...Deus indulgenciarum, God of
forgeuenesse. These orisouns stonden bitwixe placebo et dirige.
Office of the Dead, Sarum use, in English, Psalms by cue only.
7. f. 176r-v And here bigynnen the comendatiouns. Ps. Beati inmaculati.
Blessid ben men withouten...thou lord waische hem awey bi thi moost merciful
pitee. Bi crist oure lord Amen.
Commendation of souls (Pss. 118, divided into sections, and 138, by cue only,
followed by the prayer, Tibi commendamus...) in English.
8. ff. 176v-185v Here bigynneth Ieroms Sauter, Lord god vouchesaf to take
up thes salmes that ben halowide to thee...Lord perseyue my wordis with eeris...
Thou schalt lede out of tribulacioun my soule for I am thi servaunt. Aue
regina. Heil queene of heuenes modir of the kyng of aungels.... ff.
186r-191v, ruled, but blank.
St. Jerome's Psalter, with introductory prayer and text [in Latin, in HE,
116-22] followed by a suffrage to the Virgin [in Latin, RH 2072]. There is an
entry for Jerome's abbreviated Psalter in A Manual of the Writings in Middle
English 1050-1500, J. Burke Severs, ed. (Hamden, 1970) v. 2, pp. 387 and 540;
MS 360 is not listed.
9. f. 192r-v [Added in another hand:] domine ne in furore tuo arguas et
cetera in lingua materna sic, lord in thi woodnesse undirnym not me, ne in thi
ire amende me. Woodnesse or wraththe is a stiryng of maunes wil exitynge to
veniaunce...that is be I not amounge tho that schal be purgid in the fier of
purgatory but heere amende me. [in the lower margin:] Item prophetus dicit
in imo nocturno, Iratus est furore dominus in populum suum et psalmus 10.
f. 193r blank
10. f. 193v [Added in a later hand:] Notes on Historia, Alegoria, Anagogia,
Tropologia, with letters of the alphabet (a, b, d, c) in the outer margin
to correct the order of presentation. f. 194r-v ruled, but blank
Cf. Ker, MMBL, v. 2, p. 872 (entry for Glasgow University, University
Library, Euing 2).
Parchment, ff. i (paper) + 194 + i (paper), 123 x 83 (79 x 51) mm. Written
in 22 long lines, ruled in brown ink. Single vertical and double horizontal
bounding lines, full length and full width; prickings visible at outer edge
of folio; two rows of parallel prickings on ff. 186-193.
I missing, II^^8 (-1), III-V^^8, VI^^8, (-5), VII-XIV^^8, XV^^8 (-7), XVI-XX^^8,
XXI^^8 (-7), XXII-XXIV^^8, XXV^^4, XXVI^^10. Leaf signatures b-z on quires 2-23
(first quire missing), with ad hoc symbols on quires 24-25, using red ink
from the ninth quire on correcting the previous erroneous signatures (I on
quires 9 and 10: L on quires 12 and 13). Notes (s. xvi) on ff. 35r, 108v
and 155v (the latter in pencil) indicate missing leaves. Catchwords, some with
decorated frames, in center right of lower margins, verso.
Written in small well formed gothic bookhand.
Five 6- to 5-line initials at the liturgical divisions of the Psalter (Psalms
26, 52, 68, 80, 97; initials for Psalms 1, 38, and 109 missing, offset initials
on ff. 35v, 109r, and 156r), pink and blue with white highlights
against cusped gold grounds, filled with brown, blue, and pink foliage with
curling foliate serifs; pink, blue and gold bar border in outer margin with
foliate shoots, terminals and horizontal extensions full across in upper and
lower margins. Eleven 5- to 4-line initials (ff. 139v, 158v, 161r, 162r, 163r,
163v, 164r, 165v, 168r, 169v, 176v), gold, edged in black against a cusped
quartered in blue and pink, with white highlights and floral hair-spray. 3-line
initials, blue with red penwork throughout. Capitals alternating red and blue.
Rubrics throughout. Red and blue line-fillers in litany.
Binding: s. xix-xx. Brown leather case, blind-tooled. Red edges.
Smells like a Middleton binding.
Written in England at the beginning of the 15th century; early modern provenance
unknown. Purchased from Henry Fletcher in 1965 by Edwin J. and Frederick W.
Beinecke, for the Beinecke Library.
Barbara A. Shailor