BEINECKE RARE BOOK AND MANUSCRIPT LIBRARY
GENERAL COLLECTION OF RARE BOOKS AND
Beinecke MS 234 Byzantium, s. XIV
Aristotle, Porphyry, etc. (in Greek)
I.1. ff. 1r-51r [Greek]. f. 51v blank
Aristotle, De caelo; I. Bekker, ed., Aristotelis
1831), v. 1, 268al-313b23.
II.2. ff. 52r-63v [Heading in red, crossed out:] [Greek]. [heading,
in brown:] [Greek].
Aristotle, De incessu animalium, with marginal notes drawn from
Michael of Ephesus; Bekker, op. cit., v. 1, pp. 704a4-714b23.
3. ff. 64r-80r Aristotle, texts from the Parva Naturalia, with
marginal notes drawn from Michael of Ephesus.
A. ff. 64r-66v [In a later hand:] [Greek].
Aristotle, De longitudine vitae; Bekker, op. cit., v. 1, 464b19-
B. ff. 67r-80r [Greek] [added in black:] [Greek]. f. 80v
Aristotle, De iuventute; Bekker, op. cit., v. 1, 467b10-480b30.
III.4. ff. 81r-88v [Greek].
Porphyry, Isagoge, with marginal notes; A. Busse, ed., Porphyrii
Isagoge et in Aristotelis Categorias Commentarium (Berlin, 1887) pp. 1-
IV.5. ff. 89r-114r [Greek]
Aristotle, Categories; Bekker, op. cit., v. 1, 1a1-15b33.
V.6. ff. 114r-127v [Greek].
Aristotle, De interpretatione, with marginal commentary of Michael
of Ephesus; Bekker, op. cit., v. 1, 16a1-21a1.
7. ff. 128r-129v [Greek].
Aristotle, Analytica priora; Bekker, op. cit., vol. I, 52a29-
8. ff. 130r-176r [Greek].
Aristotle, Analytica posteriora; with marginal commentary derived
from Themistius and Philoponus; Bekker, op. cit., v. 1, 71a1-75b14.
9. f. 176v [Anonymous letter; text begins:] //[Greek]. [In the lower
left margin another hand has added: [Greek]]
Cf. P. Moraux, "Unbekannte Galen-Scholien," Zeitschrift fuer
Papyrologie und Epigraphik 27 (1977) p. 1, with note.
10. ff. 177r-198v //[Greek].
Scholia to Galen, De naturalibus facultatibus, De locis affectis,
De elementis secundum Hippocratem; Moraux, op. cit., 1-63.
The work is divided into five distinct parts, all of paper: ff. ii
(paper) + 198 + ii (paper), 230 x 151 mm.
I: ff. 1r-51v. Paper (heavy, no watermarks), written space 155 x
120 mm. 24-26 long lines; no ruling or prickings visible. Quires signed
in Greek notation on verso. Written in a rather careless Greek
minuscule by two scribes: Scribe 1, ff. 1r-16v; Scribe 2, ff. 17r-51v.
Some marginal and interlinear notes by a later hand. Diagrams, labelled
by the original scribe: syllogisms, consisting of geometrical figures
and other groups of curved or straight lines. One simple 2-line initial
in red; line-fillers and heading also in red.
II: ff. 52r-80v. Paper (heavy, no watermarks), written space 163 x
76 mm. 28-31 long lines; frame-ruled in hard point. No signatures or
catchwords. Written in minuscule, large and rather careless, by Scribe
2 of part I; marginal and interlinear notes by same hand. Contains a
few diagrams of syllogisms. Title in red crossed out and rewritten in
blackish-brown; one 2-line initial in red.
III: ff. 81r-88v. Paper (thin, no watermarks), written space 162 x
72 mm. Ca. 28-31 long lines per page; ruled in hard point, single
vertical bounding lines, full across; an additional vertical bounding
line in outer margin for notes; guide-lines for text extend across
column for notes. Greek minuscule, small and very neat (tops of letters
close to but not touching ruling), by Scribe 3; marginal and
interlinear notes in red by original scribe; notes in brown by a
different hand. Four-line initials in red, with floral ornaments; red
also used for headings, notes of original scribe, and diagrams of
IV: ff. 89r-129v. Paper (thick and rough), written space varies
greatly. 1-25 long lines of text, depending on number of notes
included; no ruling. Quires signed in Greek notation in upper right-
hand corner or first folio recto of quire and at left in upper and
lower margins of last folio verso of quire. Written in minuscule, large
and rather careless, by Scribe 4, who adds flourishes in the margins; a
few marginal notes by a later hand. Many diagrams of syllogisms with
labels by the original scribe; some doodles in the margins.
V: ff. 130r-198v. Paper (thick and coarse), written space ca. 180
x ca. 115 mm. 5-32 long lines of text, depending on number of notes
included; no ruling. Quires signed in Greek notation in lower margin of
last folio of quire, verso, slightly left of center. Written in
minuscule by several scribes: Scribe 5 (ff. 130r-176r), a small neat
hand; Scribe 6 (ff. 177r-198v), a large and progressively more careless
hand; f. 176v by a small, neat later hand. A few notes in margins by a
later hand. Spaces left for initials within the text were never filled.
I-VI^^8, VII^^8 (-5, 6, 7, 8), VIII-X^^8, XI^^6 (-4, 5, 6), XII^^2,
XIII^^8, XIV^^8 (2 ff. after f. 89 numbered 90), XV-XVIII^^8, XIX^^2,
XX-XXIV^^8, XXV^^8 (-8), XXVI^^8, XXVII^^8 (-8), XXVIII^^8 (-1).
Water damage on ff. 9r-16v and ff. 161-174; Parts I and III eaten
by worms. The pattern of the damage suggests that the parts of the
manuscript were not originally bound together.
Binding: s. xviii-xix. Brown calf blind- and gold-tooled. Cloth
label attached to the spine reads "ARISTOTELIS OPERA VARIA G. M-S."
Written in Byzantium in the 14th century; early provenance
unknown. Belonged to Abate Luigi Celotti (signature on first flyleaf,
verso); his sale to Sir Thomas Phillipps (no. 890, number and stamp on
f. ii recto). Purchased from Laurence Witten with funds from the Jacob
Ziskind Charitable Trust in 1957 (MS 6).
Bibliography: Faye and Bond, p. 44, no. 234.
Ziskind Catalogue, p. 45.
Barbara A. Shailor