BEINECKE RARE BOOK AND MANUSCRIPT LIBRARY
GENERAL COLLECTION OF RARE BOOKS AND
Beinecke MS 108 France, s. XVI^^in
Hours, use of Rome
1. ff. 1r-6v Calendar, in French. Entries include Hilary (13 Jan.,
in red), Martialis (30 June, in red), Cybard (1 July, in red), Fiacre
(30 Aug.), Caprasius (20 Oct.), Anianus (17 Nov.).
2. ff. 7r-14v Sequences of the Gospels (John 1. 1-14; Matthew 2. 1-
12; Mark 16. 14-20; the Passion according to John 18. 1-42; Luke 1. 26-
3. ff. 15r-42v Hours of the Virgin, use of Rome; Short Hours of the
Cross and of the Holy Spirit worked in.
4. ff. 42v-50v Penitential Psalms and Litany. The angels are
Michael, Gabriel, Raphael, and Raguel; among the 11 martyrs, Hippolytus
et socii; among the 26 confessors, Hilary (14), Medard (22), Elegius
(24), and Ludovicus (25); among the 15 virgins, Genevieve.
5. ff. 50v-63r Office of the Dead, use of Rome.
6. ff. 63v-64v Prayers to the Virgin, in French, in a later hand.
Glorieuse vierge marie mere de Iesucrist le vray dieu tout
puissant...[Leroquais, LH 2.340. In short lines at lower right of f.
64r:] Oraison a la glorieuse vierge marie pour dire tous les jours
[text begins:] Glorieuse vierge marie/ A toy me rens et si te
Parchment, ff. ii (paper) + 64 + ii (paper), 143 x 87 (105 x 59)
mm. Calendar written in 33 long lines per page, text in 32; single
vertical and horizontal bounding lines, full across; ruled in pale
Bound too tightly for accurate collation.
Two hands can be distinguished: ff. 1r-6v and 15r-63r are written
in a small, even batarde; ff. 7r-14v in a rounded gothic script showing
some batarde characteristics. Folios 7-14 may have been added later
(see Exhibition Catalogue, p. 264, no. 80); this hypothesis is
supported by the difference in the style and color of the miniatures
and their placement on the page. Prayers added on ff. 63v-64v in
batarde, early 16th century.
Sixteen camaieu-gris miniatures by three artists, in tondo format,
with gold frames inscribed in white capitals. The format, style, and
technique recall both the work of Jean Bourdichon of Tours and
contemporary Limoges enamels; in neither case has a workshop
affiliation been established (see Exhibition Catalogue, pp. 263-65).
The miniatures are as follow: f. 7r (John) Vision of St. John; f. 8r
(Matthew) Adoration of the Magi; f. 9r (Mark) Ascension; f. 10r
(Passion) Betrayal of Christ; f. 15r (Matins) The Annunciation; f. 19v
(Lauds) The Visitation; f. 24v (Hours of the Cross) Crucifixion; f. 25v
(Hours of the Holy Spirit) Pentecost; f. 26v (Prime) Nativity; f. 29r
(Terce) Annunciation to the Shepherds; f. 31v (Sext) Adoration of the
Magi; f. 33v (None) Presentation in the temple; f. 36r (Vespers) Flight
into Egypt; f. 40r (Compline) Coronation of the Virgin; f. 43r
(Penitential Psalms) King David; f. 51v (Office of the Dead) The Three
Living and the Three Dead. The miniatures on ff. 15v and 19v are by the
leading artist; the remainder are by a competent assistant (with the
exception of ff. 7v, 8r, 9r, and 10r, which are of inferior quality;
see comments under script). 4-, 3-, 2-, and 1-line initials, grey with
gold highlights, on a black ground, some with leaves and dots in gold.
On ff. 7r-14v the letters are composed of leaf forms. Ribbon line-
fillers, geometric and leaf forms, gold, grey, and white on black.
Rubrics in pale red. Calendar has KL monogram as 2-line initials, month
and dates in red; feasts in blue, major feasts in red.
The black ink of the initials has run on many pages, and has
sometimes adhered to the opposite pages.
Binding: s. xviii-xix. Brown goatskin gold-tooled, silver
fastenings. On the spine, flowers and the words "Heur en Latin. MSS. S.
Velin en Min."
Written probably in Southwestern France (perhaps Limoges?) as is
suggested by the calendar and style of decoration, at the beginning of
the 16th century. Bookplates of W. H. H. Newman, Buffalo, New York
(inside front and back covers; oval tag on spine, no. Z). Purchased
from Martin Hago in 1940.
Bibliography: Faye and Bond, p. 30, no. 109.
Exhibition Catalogue, pp. 263-65, no. 80.
Yale Library Associates, Reports for 1940-41 (New
Haven, 1941) 21.
Gray is the Color: An Exhibition of Grisaille Painting
XIIIth-XXth Centuries. Institute for the Arts (Rice University,
Houston, Texas, 1973) Item 4, pp. 30-31 (with illus. of ff. 26v and
Barbara A. Shailor