BEINECKE RARE BOOK AND MANUSCRIPT LIBRARY
GENERAL COLLECTION OF RARE BOOKS AND
MEDIEVAL AND RENAISSANCE MANUSCRIPTS
Marston MS 222 England s. XIII 3/4
Peter Lombard, Sententiarum libri IV
1. f. iii recto blank; f. iii verso Altissimus creauit de terra
medicinam. Verba ista scripta sunt ecc. 38. In quibus uerbis ponuntur
per ordinem .4. notabilia in quibus intelligere possumus...eius bonitas
relucet in opere....
Commentary on Eccles. 38 that is to serve the reader as a guide to
art. 2; not located in Stegmueller, Rep. Sent.
2. ff. 1r-208v [Prologue:] Cupientes aliquid de penuria ac tenuitate
nostra...titulos quibus singulorum librorum capitula distinguntur
premisimus. [list of chapters:] Omnis doctrina est de rebus uel de
signis...[list ends imperfectly, f. 2v:] Cum deus sit ubique et semper
non tamen localis nec loco nec tempore// [text, beginning imperfectly:]
Dicimus illa re nos frui quam diligimus...per media ad pedes usque via
duce peruenit. Explicit liber sententiarum quartus. [added by a later
hand:] Si male quid feci veniam peto. si bene grates. [miscellaneous
contemporary notes on back flyleaf]
Peter Lombard, Sententiarum libri IV; 3rd ed. in Spicilegium
Bonaventurianum 4-5 (Grottaferrata, 1971 and 1981) 2 vols. Text is defective
with one leaf missing after f. 2 (beginning of text proper), four leaves
missing after f. 99 (Bk. 2, portions of distinctiones 32-35), three leaves
missing after f. 189 (Bk. 4, portions of distinctiones 30-32). Certain leaves
of the text (e.g., ff. 64v-76r) have been heavily annotated by a slightly later
hand, s. XIII ex, exhibiting strong anglicana features. The annotations at the
beginning of Bk. 2 (f. 64v) have the same incipit as Stegmueller, Rep.
Sent. 756 attributed to Romanus de Roma ("Creationem--Cum per creaturas
deueniatur in cognicionem creatoris...").
In Marston MS 222 rubrics appear within the text; in the margins the
letter D followed by Roman numerals signal the distinctiones as
introduced by Alexander of Hales; patristic references, when present, were
added by another hand. Bk. 2, distinctio 27 (f. 93v) begins with the
pre-Bonaventure division in the chapter "Hic uidendum est quid sit
uirtus," but overall patterns in the arrangement of distinctiones
suggest the manuscript belongs to the newer arrangement of the text (e.g.,
the division of Bk. 2 into 48 distinctiones); lists of chapters are
inserted before Bks. 1, 3 and 4. See I. Brady, "The Distinctions of
Lombard's Book of Sentences and Alexander of Hales," Franciscan
25 (1965) pp. 90-116, and idem, "The Three Editions of the 'Liber
Sententiarum' of Master Peter Lombard (1882-1977)," Archivum Franciscanum
Historicum 70 (1977) pp. 400-411.
Parchment, ff. ii (paper) + i (contemporary parchment) + 208 + i
(contemporary parchment) + ii (paper), 345 x 220 (228 x 140) mm. 2
columns, 45 lines. Single vertical and horizontal bounding lines, with
an additional vertical ruling between columns. Pair of horizontal rulings
in upper and lower margins and a single lower horizontal line near lower
and outer edges. Remains of prickings in upper, lower and outer margins.
I 12 (-3), II-VIII 12, IX 12 (-5 through 8), X-XVI 12, XVII 12 (-3
through 5), XVIII 12. Catchwords along lower edge near gutter, verso.
First leaves of each gathering signed with letters of the alphabet in
lower right corner, recto.
Written in gothic bookhand, below top line; annotations added in less
formal, later hands.
Red and blue divided initials, 4- to 3- line, for prologue and beginning of
books, with penwork designs in the same colors. For other text
divisions, 3- to 2-line initials in red or blue with flourishes in
opposite color. Distinctio numbers and running headlines in red and
blue; rubrics in red. Initial letters of each entry in chapter lists
alternate red and blue.
Binding: England, 1837. Bound by Gough in London (see provenance
below). Dark brown goatskin, blind-tooled with a light brown gold-tooled
label with title "Liber Sententiarum."
Written in England in the third quarter of the 13th century and annotated
toward the end of the same century; early provenance unknown. Belonged to
the Rev. John Francis Shearman (fl. s. xviii 2; bookplate on first front
flyleaf). Inscription on front parchment flyleaf of the Rev. Philip Bliss
(1787-1857; DNB v. 2, pp. 683-84) states: "Purchased of Dr. Hampson, who
procured the MS. in Hertfordshire, for [amount crossed out] Oct. 13 1834,
bound 1837 by Gough." Dr. Hampson may perhaps be identified with Edward
Hampson of Abbots Langley, Herts. (b. ca. 1786; Alumni Oxonienses
1715-1886, v. 2, p. 597). It seems likely that the note on f. i recto:
"Bought of J. Waller Fleet St. 12 April 1860" was added by James E.
Millard (Fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford, between 1853-65), whose bookplate
with this title appears on the front pastedown. Belonged to James P. R.
Lyell (bookplate; 1871-1949); 250 medieval manuscripts from his collection
were bequeathed to the Bodleian Library (see Lyell Cat. for information
and bibliography). The remainder of the collection was sold by his
executors to Quaritch in 1951; this manuscript sold by Quaritch (cat. 699,
1952, no. 112; cat. 731, no. 376; cat. 767 , no. 20). Pencil notes
on front pastedown: "No. 12" in circle, "M26." Purchased in 1957 from
Quaritch, London, by L. C. Witten (inv. no. 1751), who sold it in 1959
to Thomas E. Marston (bookplate).
secundo folio: deus caritas
Bibliography: Faye and Bond, p. 89, no. 222.
Barbara A. Shailor